E-ISSN 2602-4837
[Tr-ENT]
Tr-ENT. 2020; 30(4): 140-146 | DOI: 10.5606/Tr-ENT.2020.85047

Acupuncture an alternative treatment for patients with refractory sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Elif Kaya Çelik1, Nuray Gülgönül2, Kemal Keseroglu1, Murad Mutlu1, Güleser Saylam1, İstemihan Akın1, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz3
1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to investigate the effect of acupuncture treatment on hearing and tinnitus in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) refractory to treatment.
METHODS: Between January 2013 and May 2015, a total of 25 patients (8 males, 17 females; median age: 43.3 years; range, 18 to 65 years) resistant to medical treatment who underwent acupuncture as salvage therapy were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were evaluated with pure-tone audiometry, Speech Discrimination Score (SDS), and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) at pre-treatment (T0), and after 10th (T1) and 20th sessions (T2) of acupuncture.
RESULTS: Hearing loss evaluated according to the four-frequency pure-tone average (PTA; 500, 1,000, 2,000, and 4,000 kHz) showed a statistically significant improvement at the end of the 10th session of acupuncture (p=0.017). There was also a significant improvement in the PTA values of the worst three consecutive frequencies at the end of the 20th session (p=0.034). A significant improvement in SDS (p=0.022) and THI (p<0.001) was found at the end of the 20th session.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Acupuncture treatment yields promising results in the improvement of PTA. The therapeutic effect of acupuncture is also evident in the treatment of tinnitus secondary to SNHL.

Keywords: Acupuncture, salvage therapy, sudden sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, treatment

Elif Kaya Çelik, Nuray Gülgönül, Kemal Keseroglu, Murad Mutlu, Güleser Saylam, İstemihan Akın, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz. Acupuncture an alternative treatment for patients with refractory sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Tr-ENT. 2020; 30(4): 140-146

Sorumlu Yazar: Elif Kaya Çelik, Türkiye
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